Lutheran Churches of Transylvania (Locations: Sibiu/Hermannstadt, Râșnov/Rosenau, Prejmer/Tartlau, Hărman/Honigberg)

By its position, being the southeastern border of Hungarian Kingdom, and, afterwards, of the Austrian Empire, the Principality of Transylvania was a strategic place. Throughout the medieval time and early modernity, it was endowed with the mission of defence from invaders that might come from Central Asia. Of the entire Principality, a special focus would…

Houses of Constanța, Romania

Constanța is a city on the coast of the Black Sea, in an area called Dobrudja (south-east Romania). The settlement bearing the name Tomis was established around 600 B.C. by the queen Tomyris who ruled over an ancient Eastern Iranian nomadic confederation. Tomis was eventually  conquered by the Romans, becoming one of the remotest borders…

THE ROMANTICISM OF PERIPHERY AND THE PERIPHERY OF ROMANTICISM: CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN DISCOURSES OF SELF IN THE AGE OF NINETEENTH CENTURY REVOLUTIONS (1848 AND 1890)

Abstract: This text deals with the manners in which Romanian and Polish politicians and writers imagined their countries in relation to the West in two important moments of the nineteenth century: the political events of the 1848 and the political radicalism in the context of mass society of the 1890s. These moments are known as…

Historical Cemeteries of the Nineteenth Century: The Evergreen Cemetery of Fayetteville, North Western Arkansas

Located at the corner of West Centre Street and North University Avenue, in Fayetteville, North-Western Arkansas, Evergreen Cemetery is a landmark of the city, and a testimony of the entire region’s history. Tombstones date as early as the `30s of the nineteenth century, and they mark the resting place of prominent local but also federal…

Somewhere on the Polish- Lithuanian Border

The village called Maćkowa Ruda (in translation, the Ore of Maciej) is located on the north-eastern part of Poland, near the Lithuanian border, in lands of majestic and wild beauty that echo the depiction made by the famous Romantic poet Adam Mickiewicz to the area. Mickiewicz, who, in the same vein with Chopin, is considered…

Periphery as Negotiator of the Artistic Canon (few comments about Goa and its Christian Religious Art)

Goa, the province located in the westernmost part of the Indian peninsula (the coastal area), was conquered in the XVIth century by the Portuguese, becoming a land of the Portuguese crown. Around the mid of that century, the Jesuits started a massive campaign of Christianization. As a consequence, the destroyed Hindu temples were replaced by…

Few Observations on Modernism in Central Europe

In the modern age, in the time of the great urban changes involving communicational, hygienic, as well as residential infrastructure all over Europe-from London to Istanbul, the gap of several decades notwithstanding, the cities changed their structure in a radical manner, attempting this way to break with the outlook of the narrow streets, of unaesthetic…