When East Meets West in Architecture: Public Buildings in Craiova (south-western Romania)

Craiova is the county seat of the historical region called Oltenia, an ethnographic area located in south-western Romania (Wallachia). Given its closeness to what, up to World War I, were parts of the Ottoman Empire, Oltenia has been strongly influenced for most of its modern history by Turkish and Greek (neo-Byzantine) patterns in architecture and…

The Lutheran Fortified Church in Cristian (Neustadt), Brașov County-Romania

Cristian, in German Neustadt, is a small village located near the city of Brașov (Kronstadt). Similar to the latter, Cristian was founded by the German colonists in late 13th-early 14th century; these were coming from Rhineland, Thuringia, and Wallonia, and became known as Saxons. Until well after the First World War, the majority of population…

Christmas Markets in Berlin, December 2019

On this Christmas season, Berlin`s municipal authorities organized markets around most of the major landmarks: Alexanderplatz, Gendarmenmarkt, Breitsheidplatz, Potsdamer Platz. All of them abounded in traditional German Christmas decorations made of wood or glass, as well as in cosy places like restaurants and food stalls where people could taste gluhwein, delicious marzipan, apple pie, and…

Hanukkah in Berlin

One important part of the Jewish celebration known as Hanukkah (The Festival of Lights) is the lighting of the nine-branched candelabrum (menorah)*. The branches refer to the eight nights and days that are observed in the Jewish tradition to honour the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, during the uprising of the Jewish people…

Entrance Gates of Houses in South-Eastern Transylvania (Râșnov/Rosenau and Cristian/Neustadt)

South-Eastern Transylvania, also known as the `Small Transylvania` or `Bârsa Land`, comprises several towns and villages roughly located in the lower basin of the Carpathian Mountains. Since medieval times, these were places inhabited by Saxons, Hungarians, and Romanians, and they represented stops on the trade route which eventually led, from the other side of the…

Skin Deep: Hair Dressers, Barbers, Beauticians, Exhibition running from 19th April 2018 to 6th January 2019 at Wien Museum Karlsplatz, Vienna

The body is not merely a given of nature but always the product of cultural expectations and practices This basic fact written on a banner at the entrance to the exhibition dedicated to hair dressers, barbers and beauticians in Vienna, in the last three centuries, can be considered the theme of this display of tools,…

Madame D`Ora, Photo Exhibition at Leopold Museum (Vienna), Running from mid-July​ to the end of October 2018

Madame D`Ora is the artist name of Dora Kallmus, one of the most interesting female photographers of the first half of the twentieth century. Her activity spans over 50 years and she enjoyed artistic recognition in the most known cultural centres of the time: Vienna and Paris. She was born in 1881 in a well-off…

A Seventeenth-Century​ Wood Church, Saint George Church of Dragoslavele (Argeș County, Romania)

Dragoslavele is a village located at the foothill of Leaota Mountains (Southern Carpathians), on the passage from the southern part of Romania to Transylvania. Mentioned in documents as early as fifteenth century, the village was the border where the brașoveni, the traders inhabitants of Brașov (Kronstadt) had to pay custom for entering a different economic…

Alma Mahler and Staging of Womanhood (Few Notes on a Much Discussed Figure)

What can still be said about Alma Mahler, born Alma Maria Schindler, considered one of the symbols of Viennese Secession, itself one of the most ‘used and abusedʼ art and culture trends[1]? Indeed, of the much described and discussed Viennese ambiance of fin-de-siècle, a surprisingly significant part refers to Alma. These touch all possible areas…